ESRI Seminar: Professor Tim Ingold – Anthropology and/as education

Wednesday 26th April 2017: 16:00 – 17:30, Brooks Building, Room 2.19
 
Professor Tim Ingold, University of Aberdeen, UK
 
Anthropology and/as education
 
Anthropology is a generous, open-ended, comparative and yet critical inquiry into the conditions and possibilities of life in the one world we all inhabit. But these principles – of generosity, open-endedness, comparison and criticality – are also cornerstones of education. Thus I go beyond an exploration of the interface between the disciplines of anthropology and education to argue for their more fundamental identity. This argument, however, calls for a reassessment on both sides. On the side of anthropology, we have to depart from the established view that it is about making studies of different peoples and their worlds, and recognise that it is about going to study with them: it is, in that sense, to undergo an education. And it is to acknowledge that this education carries the responsibility, on the part of its recipients, to become educators themselves. Teaching is thus as essential to the practice of anthropology as is the learning that takes place through participant observation. On the side of education, it is necessary to overturn the traditional view of teaching and learning as the transmission of authorised knowledge from one generation to the next. I argue instead for a view of education as a ‘leading out’ (from the Latin, ex-ducere) of novices into the world that opens up paths of intellectual growth and discovery, without predetermined outcomes or fixed end-points. It is about attending to things, rather than acquiring the knowledge that absolves us of the need to do so; about exposure rather than self-defence. As with the anthropologists’ participant observation, the paths of education are often difficult to follow and entail considerable existential risk. The ‘school’ for the educator, like the ‘field’ for the anthropologist, is a place where people gather to follow such paths together. The task of the teacher, then, is not to explicate knowledge for the benefit of those who are assumed, by default, to be ignorant, but to provide inspiration, guidance and criticism in the exemplary pursuit of truth. I conclude that by joining forces, and by recognising their common purpose, anthropology and education have the power to transform the world.
 
Biography: Tim Ingold is Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Aberdeen, and a Fellow of both the British Academy and the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Following 25 years at the University of Manchester, where he was appointed Max Gluckman Professor of Social Anthropology in 1995, Ingold moved in 1999 to Aberdeen, where he went on to establish the UK’s newest Department of Anthropology. Ingold has carried out ethnographic fieldwork among Saami and Finnish people in Lapland, and has written on comparative questions of environment, technology and social organisation in the circumpolar North, as well as on the role of animals in human society, on issues in human ecology, and on evolutionary theory in anthropology, biology and history. In his more recent work, he went on to explore the links between environmental perception and skilled practice. Ingold’s latest research pursues three lines of inquiry that emerged from his earlier work, concerning the dynamics of pedestrian movement, the creativity of practice, and the linearity of writing. He is currently writing and teaching on issues on the interface between anthropology, archaeology, art and architecture. Ingold is the author of many books, including The Perception of the Environment (2000), Lines (2007), Being Alive (2011), Making (2013) and The Life of Lines (2015).

Digital comics project records immigrant stories

British Bangladeshi women share their heritage, lives and experiences

Researchers at Manchester Metropolitan University are working with British Bangladeshi women from Hyde Community Action in Tameside to make digital comics telling the stories of their heritage, lives and experiences.

Thanks to National Lottery players, this project has been funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and will see women exploring their own life stories and the historical narratives of their communities through workshops on comics, life history, cross-cultural storytelling and digital skills, as well as visits to museums and archives to engage with collections.

Using digital multimedia comic creation tools, the volunteers can write their comic books and use their own photographs and drawings to illustrate their stories. The comics can also feature sound in any language, to bring the stories to life.

Research Associate and project lead Dr Sarah McNicol says comics are important and effective forms of literature that can tell, often difficult, stories in simple ways.

Cultures and comics

Dr McNicol said: “The majority of research into British Bangladeshi communities focuses on public life outside the home. Many Bangladeshi women look after their home and family so they are invisible in this. Through representing and sharing women’s stories and heritage, we hope to put forward alternative representations that focus specifically on women’s stories and experiences.

“Through this project, we aim to challenge preconceptions and widen representations of migrant heritage. We want to raise awareness and change attitudes and behaviours – ultimately, through these comics we hope to improve understanding and cohesion.”

Rehana Begum, Chief Officer from Hyde Community Action said, “Hyde Community Action is delighted to be part of this fantastic project working with Manchester Metropolitan, to be able to be the bridge that links and enables the voices of migrant women from the Bangladeshi community to be heard, to tell their stories and journeys through interactive, creative workshops. An exciting project!”

Working with communities

The project will culminate in an event for the local community to celebrate the British Bangladeshi women and their stories later this year and the comics will be showcased at local and national events including Oldham Libraries, and Rochdale Literature and Ideas Festival.

To encourage wider participation, academics from Manchester Metropolitan University and women from the Hyde community will be running sessions in two local schools, holding a workshop for teaching and social work students and producing a resource pack to encourage and support other organisations wishing to undertake similar activities.

Dr McNicol has worked on comic books for past projects, including using comics to provide information and emotional support to patients and their families.

(This was originally posted here.)

Drawing as a Method of Inquiry

“My engagement with touch is not an exploration of something I could strictly define as sensing per se but an encounter with the atypical expressions of a sensing body in movement.” (Manning, 2007:xv)

Laura Trafi Prats led a session this week on drawing as a method of inquiry. This methodological approach connects with Laura’s current research with young people in Manchester, asking;

  • What does it mean to do research on the senses?
  • How can we empirically research the senses within processes of art making?
  • How do the senses relate to expression?
  • How/when does instructional guidance in artmaking function as enabling constraints?

Laura is also interested in habit, and the role of habit in how we come to understand the body. For the first drawing exercise, we were asked to take off our shoe in order to draw it. Many people automatically placed their shoe in front of them, next to a sheet of paper, ready to draw. Laura pointed out this was a habit which we had acquired, one which indexed specific assumptions about drawing, the senses and the body, and implies that drawing is exclusively based on looking and using our eyes as a principal means of gathering information.

The drawing exercises included one drawing of an everyday object with an ‘extended arm’ (pencil on the end of a long stick). This aimed to unsettle our familiarity with picking up and holding pencils , and enable the chanceful discovery of unknown possibilities for mark-making. The second drawing was led by a sense of touch rather than sight . This involved focusing on our hand as we explored the textures and shapes of our chosen object, whilst the other hand responded to these sensations by drawing onto the paper using a continuous line. Laura offered the possibility of closing the eyes as we drew feeling our object to better reconcile drawing with touching.

Discussions after the drawing exercises were rich. Conceptualisations about drawing and what it means to draw reference specific ideas about the body and senses. The idea that drawing has to begin and end at a certain point, and to represent what can be seen, belongs to a specifically Cartesian notion of the body. Drawing on touch in particular in researching drawing can be generative because touch is a sensorial realm that seems to relate particularly to relationality. For many of us participating in the session, moving from what can be seen to what can be sensed through touch enabled particular kinds of attunement, that perhaps unsettled habitual assumptions we might hold about the body and drawing as a methodology.

From Arts Based Methods at MMU.

References used in the session:

Manning, E. (2007). Politics of touch: Sense, movement and sovereignty. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Manning, E. (2012). Relationscapes. Movement, art, philosophy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Maslen, M. & Southern, J. (2011). Drawing Projects: An exploration of the language of drawing.  London: Black Dog Publishing.

Youth employment in the ‘gig’ economy, isolation and @youthloneliness

Isolation at the beginning of working lives 

As part of the @YouthLoneliness project (Twitter/Tumblr), we are interested to find out more about young people’s working lives, their casual employment, their experience of self-employment and their involvement in the ‘gig economy.’

The Co-op Movement (like the Trade Union movement) was a movement that brought people facing harsh conditions together in search of ways of improving lives. What networks of connection can we imagine that will do that today?

We are offering 3 workshops on Wednesdays 1.00pm to 3pm (with a Tuesday evening option too) in May based at the People’s History Museum and will be looking at archive material in the museum to inspire print making, documentary work and photography and ideas for today.

There is also the option for the same sessions to run on the preceding evenings at The Space, Great Ancoats Street, from 5.00-7.00pm.

The workshops will run on the following dates: May 3r​d​; May 17t​h​; May 24t​h They will have the following format:

Workshop One: ​ Starting a documentary process. Focussing on issues facing young people in employment and using the Museum archive to prompt ideas, this session will share learning about audio, photographic and video collection using a smartphone, all these things can be used to document youth employment over the following two weeks.

Workshop Two: ​This session will draw together what has been collected and involve the production of a multi-media, mixed art form, collage or mosaic piece based on the research done in the previous 2 weeks.

Workshop Three: ​A panel lead discussion and debate about isolation, loneliness and young people in the workplace.

To book your place follow this link

Priority booking will be given to people aged between 16 and 25 but the events are open to all.

What Can He Know? What Can She Know? Who Needs to Know?

In 2015, MMU removed a homeless shelter underneath Mancunian Way. At this time, were selecting case studies sites for PARTISPACE. Starting from the assumption that there is a relationship between the apparent lack of participation among young people and the limitations of what is recognised, the project defines participatory action as those that are carried out by the public.

In this context, an action research project was conceived with the Men’s Room, an arts-based homeless charity in Manchester. To foreground participants’ voices, they were positioned as the lead creations. Lost and Found aimed to highlight issues facing the homeless community through a series of installations, culminating in walking tours. A documentary was made, ending with a discussion centred on recognition and advocacy.

When a perspective has been silenced, the clash between mainstream perspectives and those emerging through the research process can make it difficult for the researcher to bear witness, and to know how to proceed. The seminar will seek to provide an opportunity for colleagues to watch the film and to enter a process of accompaniment.

I presented my work with The Men’s Room as part of the Partispace project at a recent Arts-based Methods at MMU session. The project included the development of art installations around Manchester, walking tours delivered by members of The Men’s Room, and a film about the project.

As the title of the session reflects, I have been thinking about epistemological understandings of knowledge in this project, drawing on Code (1991) to ask ‘who can know?’ In addition, the role of the researcher as advocate in this kind of project is important – self advocacy is difficult for marginalised groups, whose members are treated as lacking in credibility. We also talked about relation based practice, how to build trust and relationships in this kind of research, whilst also acknowledging the temporariness of researcher’s presence in that space.

We watched the film made as part of the project and then discussed it afterwards, thinking in particular about

  • Reactions to the film
  • Ideas for further dissemination
  • Advocacy/self-advocacy and alliance building
  • Role of arts-based methods
  • Further development of theoretical considerations

We left reflecting on the potential for film as a visual method to afford advocacy particularly for marginalised groups and the role academic researchers may have in supporting this.

Who stories the film itself?

How can film account for complexity?

How are participants portrayed in visual outputs?

Dr Harriet Rowley

Graphic lives: telling Bangladeshi migrant women’s stories through graphic narratives

I’m very excited to working with Hyde Community Action on a new project funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund. We’re exploring the heritage of British Bangladeshi women through the creation and sharing of online comics that integrate their personal experiences with broader historical narratives. The project will see a group of women from Tameside exploring their own life stories and the historical narratives of their communities through workshops on life history, cross-cultural storytelling and digital skills, as well as visits to museums and archives (including Manchester Museum, the Whitworth and MMU Special Collections) to engage with collections. They will then use a simple online comics creation tool to communicate their own multimedia story using photographs; drawings; and text and sound in any language.

We know much less about the history of the Bangladeshi community compared to other ethnic minority groups in the UK. Research that has been carried out has tended to focus on larger communities concentrated in London, Birmingham, Bradford etc. In contrast, the women in this project form part of a much smaller community and may, therefore, have very different stories to tell. Furthermore, the majority of research that has been undertaken into Bangladeshi communities has been focused on public life, and is therefore almost exclusively male. Most Bangladeshi women look after their home and family, but we know very little about domestic and family life in Bangladeshi migrant communities. The focus of this project will therefore be on what has been described as “the drama of the domestic and the everyday” (Laydeez do Comics): issues outside the public sphere, and therefore often overlooked, but of central importance to the lives of Bangladeshi women.

Through representing and sharing women’s stories and heritage as comics, we hope to challenge preconceptions; to widen representations of migrants from those (often negative portrayals) commonly seen in the media; and to put forward alternative representations that focus specifically on women’s stories and experiences.

During the second stage of the project this autumn, we will be organising a celebration event for the local community and showcasing the project at local community festivals and national comics events, as well as running sessions in local schools and a workshop for teaching/social/community work students at MMU. We’ll also produce a resource pack to encourage and support other organisations wishing to undertake similar activities.

Sarah McNicol